The Directors

Adam Hudson

Adam Hudson is a journalist, commentator, musician, Pan-Africanist, and co-host of the Pan-African leftist podcast Real Sankara Hours. He holds a BA in International Relations from Stanford University (class of 2010) and an MFA in Nonfiction Writing from University of San Francisco (class of 2019). He was born in Oakland, California and raised in Pittsburg/Bay Point, California, a multiethnic working-class suburb in the East Bay Area. As a journalist, Adam typically covers war and peace issues, Guantanamo, housing/gentrification, and policing/incarceration. His work has appeared in teleSUR English, Al-Akbhar English, AlterNet, Truthout, The Nation magazine. For his journalism, Adam was awarded “Champion of International News” for Black Media Appreciation Night 2014, which honors the best in Bay Area independent black media, and received a Certificate of Honor from the City/County of San Francisco Board of Supervisors. In addition to journalism, Adam is also a dedicated musician. For six years, he played drums for the now-disbanded alternative rock band Sunata. As a solo artist, he plays the djembe and fuses traditional African rhythms in a modern African-American context as a way to show pride in his diasporic African heritage. He is also a member and U.S.-based representative of Global Pan-Africanism Network.

Dr Aberra Molla

Dr. Aberra Molla (ዶ/ር ኣበራ ሞላ) was introduced to computers in 1976, during the punch card era, when he was a post–doctoral Clinical Science student at Colorado State University. Dr. Aberra, the pioneer of Ethiopic computerization, is a visionary who recognized the power of computers and its potential and was ahead of his time. Since 1982 or over the last 25 years, he has been and is still working with Ethiopic, the Ethiopian alphabet.It took a while for the computer to have enough memory to accommodate Geez. Though IBM has increased the character set from 16 by 8 to 16 by 16 by 1983, the power of the computer as well as software and printers was limited to working with a few fonts and that was barely sufficient for Ethiopic prior to 1984. Dr. Aberra computerized Ethiopic for the fist time by giving a spot for each and every glyph. With the help of his son, Brook, it took a year to make one set of Geez screen and printer fonts in 1986. This was accomplished by systematically spreading the more than 400 Ethiopic glyphs on eight character sets. The first Ethiopic character set and word processor was released in 1987, though that was not the year of the invention. See one of the eight sets below in his Microsoft DOS ModEth font of the classic publisher that, for the first time, moved Ethiopic from the printing press to the computer.Of course, the fonts alone were not useful in DOS and required simple and novel typing methods, keyboards and overlays for his double sets.

An example of one of his criteria was the assignment of the most commonly used characters to the “A” to “Z” keys. In the English-Ethiopian keyboard, the A, B, D, F, G, H, J, K. L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, W, Y and Z QWERTY keys were assigned to the equivalent Ethiopic characters አ, በ, ደ, ፈ, ገ, ሀ, ጀ, ከ, ለ, መ, ነ, ፐ, ቀ, ረ, ሰ, ተ, ወ, የ and ዘ respectively making it simple for Ethiopians to type without the overlay. (There are Ethiopians who still use the version of the set released for Windows)


Examples of his accomplishments are pending patents and recognition in 1990 by the Ethiopian Research Council for computerizing Ethiopic and revolutionizing the Geez script.Dr. Aberra is not only a writer, an inventor, a scientist and a married father of three engineers, but also the father of Ethiopic computing who successfully single-handedly defended the alphabet from numerous detractors for decades. Without his effort, even Unicode, that expanded the computer character set to 16 by 16 by 16, in 1990, would have been mislead to standardize the fake and incomplete Amharic typewriter glyphs as Amharic or Ethiopic. Without his effort, Unicode would not have included the minority Ethiopic Agew/Bilen and Guragie glyphs in 2002, characters that were there by then in Aberra’s sets for over a decade.